Statoil Petroleum ASA
The Remote Pipeline Repair System (RPRS) is a suite of equipment designed to provide a capability for subsea pipe joining using a hyperbaric MIG fillet-welding process. It is an important tool in Statoil’s Pipeline Repair System (PRS). We were selected as a key supplier for this project because of our significant subsea experience and our ability to work on all parts of the project, from initial specification to the final operational stage.
The RPRS system consists of three main assemblies:
- The Remote Welding Habitat (RWH) is the foundation of the system, creating reference to the pipe and spool for the Remote Welding Power and Control Module (POCO) and Remote Welding Tool. The RWH provides a gas-filled chamber sealed around the pipeline that creates a dry welding atmosphere.
- The Remote Welding POCO (RWP) is the carrier of the Remote Welding Tool and the control system for power distribution, welding and preheat equipment. The RWP is landed onto the RWH and is retrievable without disrupting the dry habitat environment.
- The Remote Welding Tool (RWT) is an assembly which carries all the equipment required to perform the welding operation, such as the weld head, grinding head and torch tip changer. The RWT also includes preheat coils for pre- and post-weld heat treatment of pipe and spool. A sensor head on the tool also allows pre- and post-weld inspection, metrology and qualification.
CSS Isotek Ltd led the design and specification of both the RWP and the RWT from the very start of the project. Our electronic and electrical, mechanical and software teams worked together to design and fabricate each part of this complex tool, ensuring that each assembly was both operational independently and also when integrated with the other equipment to form the complete tool.
The project represented a significant challenge because of the many complex functional requirements and also the extreme operating conditions, i.e. hyperbaric pressure resulting from depths in excess of 1000 msw and localised high temperatures due to preheat and the welding process. The system was comprehensively tested at all stages, including deep-water tests on Sognefjord, the largest and best known fjord in Norway and the second longest in the world. Here the equipment performed the world’s deepest-ever pipeline weld at nearly 1000msw.
This project was started in December 2012, and final factory acceptance tests were completed at CSS Isotek Ltd before delivery of the tool to Norway for shallow and then deep water trials. The deep-water test and qualification of the entire system was successfully completed in 2014. The tool is now in contingency use as part of the PRS where it can be deployed if required within a 28 day mobilisation window. This complex project was completed on time and on budget, and the ability to weld remotely at considerable depth makes our technology attractive to a wide range of oil and gas operators around the world.
" Now we are able to use remote-controlled robots down to a depth of 1,000 metres and weld pipelines wider than 30”. These are our largest pipelines, such as the export pipelines. Remote controlling this operation is highly efficient, and we save both time and money. Should an accident happen, the resulting downtime can now be reduced by 6-9 month. "
- Jan Olav Berge
- Senior Advisor for Pipeline and Transport, Statoil Petroleum ASA